Which countries have landed on the moon?

TIME.CO, Jakarta – India’s Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft successfully landed near the South Pole moon Wednesday 23 August 2023. The success marked an important milestone for the country.

Quoted from, the success of the Chandrayaan-3 mission resulted India included in the list of countries that have landed on the moon. India is the fourth country after the former Soviet Union, the United States and China to have successfully landed on the moon.

1. United States (NASA)

The first moon landing occurred on July 20, 1969 when the Apollo 11 mission successfully landed the lunar module “Eagle” in the Mare Tranquillitatis region. Astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were the first humans to walk on the lunar surface. Meanwhile Michael Collins remains in the command module. NASA continued a series of Apollo missions through 1972 with Apollo 17 being the last mission.

2. Soviet Union

The Soviet Union was also the country that managed to land a probe on the lunar surface. Quoted from Statesman, on September 14, 1959, they successfully sent an unmanned probe, Luna 2, which impacted the lunar surface. Following this historic achievement, the Soviet Union shifted its focus away from impactor devices and eventually became the first nation in 1966 to successfully complete a soft landing on the Moon.

Quoted from World Population ReviewAlthough the Soviet Union dominated the space race, to this day the United States is still the only country to have successfully landed a man on the moon, having done so five times since the famous Apollo 11 mission.

3. China (CNSA)


China has achieved great results in lunar exploration with the Chang’e program. In December 2013, Chang’e 3 landed the Yutu (Jade Rabbit) probe on the moon. this made China the third country to successfully land a probe on the lunar surface after the United States and the Soviet Union.

China has followed up on this schedule with additional Chang’e missions, including the Chang’e 4 mission which lands on the dark side of the Moon in December 2018.

4. India (ISRO)

Chandrayaan-3 is India’s second landing attempt near the south pole of the Moon, a largely unexplored region and of great interest to scientists and exploration advocates.

The south polar region is believed to contain large amounts of water ice which, if accessible, could be mined to make rocket fuel and life support for future manned missions.

The country’s first attempt to land on the moon, in September 2019, failed when the Chandrayaan-2 lander crashed due to a technical problem.

Editors Choice: 5 Facts About Successful Landing Of Indian Spacecraft On The Moon

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