When treating monkeypox patients, why doesn’t RSHS Bandung provide antivirus?

TIME.CO, Jakarta – One patient was confirmed positive for the disease monkeypox or monkeypox, also known as smallpox, in the city of Bandung. According to the head of the special infection team of the Central General Hospital, Dr. Hasan Sadikin or RSHS Bandung, Yovita Hartantri, the patient was given drugs to reduce pain and itching. “In this case we did not give him the antiviral because his condition was stable,” he said on Monday 30 October 2023.

According to him, the patient is a 36-year-old man living in the city of Bandung. The condition is that there are many lesions or rashes on the body. However, according to Yovita, the category does not fall under the strict criteria because there is no dysfunction of body organs such as the liver or kidneys. “Antivirals are administered to patients whose conditions are serious, so far there are no antivirals at RSHS Bandung,” he said.

The findings in this case began with a report of suspected monkeypox in a patient received by RSHS Bandung on Tuesday last week. After taking several samples, such as from skin rashes, swabs or throat swabs, and sending them to the testing laboratory, the results came back last Friday. “The results are positive, let’s say it’s a confirmed case of mux,” Yovita said.

The patient is treated in the hospital so that the doctor can determine the diagnosis. In the case of Bandung there is a similarity between monkey pox and chickenpox, namely in the shape of the fluid-filled bumps on the skin. “The forms are different, similar to chickenpox,” she said. Usually on one area such as the face, hands, or body, the shape of monkeypox bumps is relatively the same.

Yovita said initial symptoms of monkeypox include fever, feeling sick, muscle or joint pain. According to him, these symptoms are like viral infections in general. Then within two to three days lesions or rashes will appear. Starting from the face, body and palms, then there is an enlargement of the lymph nodes in the neck.

According to Yovita, the onset of monkeypox occurred slowly, lasting up to two weeks. Divided into several criteria, the disease is considered dangerous if it causes complications, namely by the spread of the skin throughout the body. If the condition is severe enough to impair kidney and liver function, the consequences can be fatal. “Spox can be serious and even deadly, even if the rate is 3%,” she said.


Yovita said the disease has been transmitted from animals to humans and now between humans through close contact with skin rashes or body fluids. It could also come from objects contaminated with viruses. Another route of transmission is through respiratory droplets, for example through coughing. Patients who are at serious risk of infection should receive hospital care. “Typically in children, pregnant women and people who have other diseases such as HIV,” she said.

Even so, Yovita asked residents not to panic. “Don’t panic yet, in the case of mux, it’s actually not very easy to transmit,” she said. Preventive measures when dealing with monkeypox patients include wearing gloves, maskwash hands and clean objects attached to the patient.

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