Nadiem Makarim’s new rule on proficiency standards for S1-S3 students, check out the changes

TIME.CO, Jakarta – Minister of Education, Culture, Research and Technology Nadiem Makarim announced several new regulations for higher education institutions as outlined in Permendikbudristek number 53 of 2023 related to quality assurance in higher education. Among these new rules are student Undergraduate/D4 levels do not have to write a thesis, and masters and doctoral students are no longer required to publish journal articles.

This new regulation was explained on Tuesday, August 29, 2020 at the launch of the 26th installment of Merdeka Belajar. The theme of this latest installment is the transformation of national standards and accreditation of higher education.

In his presentation, Nadiem said that national standards for higher education before this regulation were too strict and too detailed. As a result, universities have less freedom to design learning processes and forms according to scientific needs and technological developments.

“What are the complaints we have heard from various presidents, faculty and others? First, because our national standards are so detailed, it’s very difficult to get out of this space if you want to adapt,” said Nadiem.

Through the 26th installment of Merdeka Belajar, Ministry of Education and Culture streamlines national standards for higher education. This simplification includes standard scope, graduate competency standards, and learning and assessment process standards.

Below are some of the rule changes announced by Nadiem for the graduate to doctoral levels.

The thesis and publication in journals are not mandatory

With the new legislation, each course of study can determine the form of the final project for students. At S1/D4 level, for many study courses, the obligation to definitively assign degree requirements is no longer required. Previously, S1/D4 students had to write a thesis and Masters and S3 students had to publish articles in journals.

The latest Permendikbudristek makes the following changes:


· The final project can be in the form of a prototype, project or other form, not just a thesis/thesis/dissertation.
· If the three-year degree/graduate applied study course includes project-based training or another similar form, the final assignment may be cancelled/no longer compulsory.
Masters/Applied Masters and Applied PhD/Doctoral students will be given a final assignment, but will not be published in a journal.


Apart from the final assignment, the evaluation process is also regulated in Regulation No. 53 of 2023 of the Ministry of Education and Culture. Previously, the distribution of time per 1 semester credit unit (SKS) was adjusted in attendance 50 minutes per week, structured assignments 60 minutes per week, and independent activities 60 minutes per week.

Course assessments are done in numbers or letters only which are then calculated as a Cumulative Performance Index or GPA.

After the latest regulations these two things have been changed to:

· 1 credit is defined as 45 semester hours, with the distribution of time determined by each university.
· Course evaluation is not only in the form of an achievement index, but can also take the form of pass or fail (pass/fail). This system is specifically for courses that take the form of activities outside of lectures, such as independent campus activities or using proficiency tests. Passed/failed courses do not count towards your GPA.

It is expected that this change will leave universities more free to determine the distribution of credits beyond limiting classroom learning activities. In addition, this new rule does not mandate performance index assessments on outside the classroom or proficiency tests.

Editors Choice: Regulation of the new Minister of Education and Culture: The thesis is no longer mandatory, what about theses and dissertations?

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