List of Top 10 Most Severe Air Pollution Locations in Indonesia Breath of the Morning version

TIME.CO, Jakarta – Breath, a technology-based air quality company that helps residents live healthier and better lives, has released a ranking of regions with air pollution high in Indonesia. On Thursday, August 17, 2023, 07:00 WIB, Sayidan Area, Yogyakarta City, Yogyakarta Special Region was the first and only area in very unhealthy category with PM2.5 of 209 µg/m3.

Sayidan’s other data is that it has PM1 of 121 µg/m3, PM10 of 248 µg/m3, humidity of 93% and temperature of 23 degrees Celsius.

PM 2.5 in 9 other polluted places

-Parung Panjang, Bogor – 134 µg/m3

-Serpong, South Tangerang – 127 µg/m3

-Tarumajaya, Bekasi – 110 µg/m3

– South Tambun, Bekasi – 103 µg/m

-Cipenjo, Bogor – 103 µg/m3

– Ciangsana, Bogor – 103 µg/m3

-Babakan, South Tangerang – 99 µg/m3

-Cipayung, East Jakarta – 95 µg/m3

– East Lengkong warehouse, South Tangerang – 95 µg/m3


PM2.5 are solid air polluting particles measuring less than 2.5 micrometers or 36 times smaller than the diameter of a grain of sand. According to WHO standards, measurements are in µg/m3 units. The safe category is in the range of 0 – 12 µg/m3, moderate (12.1 – 35.4 µg/m3), unhealthy for sensitive groups (35.5 – 55.4 µg/m3), unhealthy (55, 5 – 150.4 µg/m3), very unhealthy (150.5 – 250.4 µg/m3) and toxic (>250.4 µg/m3).

This data comes from low cost sensors distributed over more than 180 location points and represent an area coverage of 1-2km from the installed sensor location. Air quality data received in real time and accessible from the Breath application.

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July report on Yogya

In the July Breath report, there is a special note about Yogya. Supposedly, the increase in pollution here is a domino effect of the Piyungan landfill closure. “Garbage collection services at Piyungan Regional TPA, Yogyakarta Special Region officially cannot be performed from July 23, 2023 to September 5, 2023,” the report reads.

As a result of the rampant waste burning activity in various regions, the level of air pollution in Yogyakarta was observed to have increased in late July. As can be seen from the breath sensor data, PM 2.5 levels have been observed to have increased from 23 July 2023 to the present, with the highest daily mean PM 2.5 on 25 July 2023 of 136 µg/m3 . High pollution occurs every day in the morning at 08:00. This has great potential which indicates the pollution that has accumulated due to waste burning.

Yogyakarta’s air quality a week before the TPA shutdown policy is found to be relatively better. After the closure of the TPA, there have been many high peaks of PM2.5 in different areas, such as Sayidan and Sorowajan. The maximum concentration of PM2.5 reached 277 µg/m3.

This condition is thought to have been triggered by waste burning which has contributed significantly to the increase in air pollution Yogyakarta in the morning for more than a week and is more volatile. Furthermore, the closure policy of Piyungan TPA greatly influences the final decision of residents in managing their waste, especially those who choose to burn it due to the unavailability of a better alternative solution.

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