Know the Types of Mangrove Trees – Tekno

TIME.CO, JakartaMangroves it is found in tropical and subtropical coastal areas throughout the world. Mangrove forest it has the ability to store large quantities of carbon. Its existence also offers several advantages, both from an economic, physical and ecological point of view.

Types of mangrove trees in Indonesia

1. Avennia

In Indonesia, avicennia is known as api-api. The breathing roots of this mangrove are shaped like a pencil or cone that projects upward. Their respiratory roots are formed by the extension of roots that grow horizontally.

There are five types of avicennia found in Indonesia, namely A. alba, A. eucalyptifolia, A. lanata, A. marina and A. officinalis. The five are distinguished by the shape of the flowers, fruits and leaves, as cited on the website of the Ministry of Coastal Maritime Affairs.

2. Bruguiera

The Bruguiera mangroves are characterized by knee or table roots (buttresses). There are six types of heath mangroves in Indonesia, namely B. cylindryca, B. exaristata, B. gymnorrhiza, B. haenessii, B. parviflora and B. sexangula.

3. Ceriope

Ceriops is a mangrove vegetation characterized by pencil roots and elongated fruits. Two types of ceriops mangroves are often found in Indonesia, namely C. decandra and C. tagal.

4. Rhizophores


Rhizophora mangroves are characterized by roots that penetrate the soil, known as firm roots. Supporting roots grow above the ground, protruding from the tree’s trunk and lower branches. And it extends outward and toward the surface of the ground.

Three types of rhizophora are often found in Indonesia. These include R. apiculata, R. mucronata and R. stylosa.

5. Sleepy

Sonneratia is commonly known as pedada. They have a pencil-shaped root system (pneumatophore). Three types of mangrove sonneratia are commonly found in Indonesia, namely S. alba, S. caseolaris and S. ovata.

6. Sungai mangrove (Aegiceras Corniculatum)

Mentioned from national parks, river mangroves are also known as nut trees. They are called legumes because of their pod-like fruit.

Mangroves The river thrives in the sandy, thick mud on the land side of the mangrove forest. These mangrove roots spread along the soil surface, as do lenticels (breathing pores). This allows gas exchange between the tree and the surrounding atmosphere.

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