TIME.CO, Jakarta – From 2019, the national exam as a requirement for obtaining the student degree has been replaced by the computerized national assessment or ANBK. ANBK itself is an input, process and outcome-focused educational evaluation program organized by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology (Kemendikbudristek).
Through the observation of learning inputs, processes and outcomes, this program is expected to improve the quality of each educational unit in Indonesia. The ANBK or what is often called national assessment is carried out using three tools namely the assessment of minimum literacy and numeracy skills (AKM), the character survey and the learning environment survey.
Each tool has its own function and purpose. For example, the minimum skills assessment (AKM) is used to measure the reading proficiency and numeracy or numeracy mastered by students. While the character survey serves to measure attitudes, values, beliefs and habits that reflect the character of the students. The last tool is the learning environment survey, which has the function of measuring the quality of various aspects of the teaching and learning inputs and processes in the classroom and at educational unit level.
The replacement with the ANBK, which presents various aspects or tools, of the obligation to obtain the qualification, originally based only on an exam taken at the national level, has certainly been the object of careful reflection, especially as regards the goals to achieve. Quoted from the page Ministry of Education and Culture, ANBK or National Assessment is implemented to improve the quality of education. This method is designed to produce accurate information to improve the quality of teaching and learning, which should improve student learning outcomes.
Through this national evaluation, information will be produced to monitor quality developments from time to time, as well as the gaps between parts of the education system. The cross-section gaps referred to are differences in socioeconomic groups between public and private schools, as well as differences between regions and/or between groups based on certain attributes.
In each education unit, the Ministry of Education and Culture restricts the implementation of the ANBK to only a few students, namely grades 5, 8 and 11, who will be randomly selected by the Ministry of Education and Culture. The reason for choosing the level in these classes is that, after taking the national assessment, students can experience an improvement in learning while still in school. Interestingly, it is not only students who have to carry out this national assessment. On the other hand, teachers and principals of each educational unit will also participate in the ANBK.
The implementation of the national evaluation is expected to encourage schools and educational authorities focus more on existing resources and all possible efforts to improve the quality of education. The ANBK program also shows that what should be the primary focus of an educational institution is the development of students’ skills and character.
SHARISYA KUSUMA RAHMANDA I TEAMS TEMPO.CO
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