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Flashback to October 15th’s decision to become World Animal Rights Day

TIME.CO, JakartaWorld Animal Rights Day celebrated on October 15th. The aim is to promote a campaign to protect the survival of animals throughout the world. Quoted Time magazine, the term “animal rights” emerged in the early 1970s. This term emerged in a context of excessive exploitation, including violence, towards animals.

One of the figures who popularized this term was Peter Singer, an Australian philosopher. He published the book Animal Liberation in 1975. The book deals with ethical rules for animals. Widely regarded, the book is part of the animal liberation movement.

On October 15, 1978, the idea of ​​World Animal Rights Day was coined during the Universal Declaration of Animal Rights at the UNESCO headquarters in Paris. This statement contains the idea that the rights of animals should be considered equal to those of humans. The document was adopted by the International League for Animal Rights in London, England, in September 1977.

This document contains the recognition that animals are recognized as equal to human rights. Besides that, this declaration also contains threats and prohibitions regarding the genocide of animal species. The following is the content of the 1978 Universal Declaration of Animal Rights.

Opening:

1. That all animals have rights.

2. That neglect and disregard for animal rights have and continue to result in crimes by humans against nature and animals.

3. That the recognition by the human species of the right to exist of other animal species is the basis for the coexistence of species throughout the animal world.

4. That genocide was committed by humans against animals and the threat of genocide continues.

5. That respect for animals is linked to human respect for men.

6. Although man must be taught from childhood to observe, understand, respect and love animals.

This is how it is proclaimed:

Article 1

All animals are born with the same claim to life and the same right to life.

Section 2

1. All animals have the right to be respected.

2. Human beings as an animal species must not deprive them of the right to destroy or exploit other animals in an inhumane manner. Its task is to use knowledge for the welfare of animals.

3. All animals have the right to human attention, care and protection.

Article 3

1. Animals must not be treated arbitrarily or subjected to cruel actions.

2. If an animal is to be killed, it must be done instantly and without suffering.

Article 4

1. All wild animals have the right to freedom in their natural environment, be it land, air or water, and must be able to reproduce.

2. Deprivation of liberty, even for educational purposes, is a violation of rights.

Article 5

1. Animals of species that traditionally live in a human environment have the right to live and grow in the rhythm and conditions of life and freedom peculiar to their species.

2. Any human interference with these rhythms or conditions for profit is a violation of rights.

Announcement

Article 6

1. All companion animals have the right to complete their natural life cycle.

2. Abandoning animals is cruel and degrading.

Article 7

All working animals are entitled to reasonable limitations on the duration and intensity of work, necessary food and rest.

Article 8

1. Experiments involving physical or psychological suffering are incompatible with animal rights, whether intended for scientific, medical, commercial or any other form of research.

2. Replacement methods must be used and developed.

Article 9

When animals are used in the food industry, they must be raised, transported, caged and killed without causing suffering.

Article 10

1. Animals should not be exploited for human entertainment.

2. Exhibitions and shows with animals are not in keeping with their dignity.

Article 11

Any act involving the arbitrary killing of animals is biocide, that is, a crime against life.

Article 12

1. Any act involving the mass killing of wild animals is genocide, that is, a crime against the species.

2. Pollution or destruction of the natural environment causes genocide.

Article 13

1. Dead animals should be treated with respect.

2. Violent scenes involving animals are prohibited in cinema and television, except for humane education.

Article 14

1. Representatives of animal rights movements must have a say at all levels of government.

2. Animal rights, like human rights, must receive legal protection.

Therefore, World Animal Rights Day is celebrated every October 15th. This celebration is tailored to this declaration.

PUSPITA AMANDA SARI I HENDRIK KHOIRUL MUHID | RENO EZA MAHENDRA
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