TIME.CO, Jakarta – The Ombudsman of the Republic of Indonesia presents a report on the results of the supervision of the implementation of new student admissions (PPDB) 2023 to the Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology (Kemendikbudristek) and the Ministry of Religion (Kemenag) on Tuesday, September 5, 2023.
Member Mediator RI Indraza Marzuki Rais presented a report on the findings of the oversight at the Indonesian Ombudsman Building. You have previously explained the Ombudsman’s monitoring methodology.
The forms of oversight carried out are direct field monitoring, complaint PPDB service, coordination meetings with interested parties, Investigation on Own Initiative (IAPS), rapid reporting management (RCO), regular management of reporting (LM), systemic review and socialization of activity supervision.
Supervision of PPDB implementation was carried out from March to August 2023 in SD/MI, SMP/MTs and SMA/MA/SMK education units in 28 provinces, Education Office, students’ parents/guardians, Ministry of Education and Culture and the Ministry of Religion.
“Why 28? Because coincidentally there are several provinces that are difficult for us to reach. “But the report has arrived,” Indraza said on Tuesday.
According to his presentation, as of August 1, 2023, a total of 1,296 data points have been processed using the data entry method by the Ombudsman Assistant via Google Form. The monitoring report was summarized in five general findings.
The five outcomes concern policies on equitable distribution of access to education, coordination between stakeholders, minimum number of educational units, supervision of PPDB implementation and lack of awareness.
The Ombudsman’s first finding is that there is no planning document describing plans for equal access to education. Therefore there is no strategy to provide educational units within the framework of an equitable distribution of access to education.
“We see that many regions have not mapped the need for educational facilities. This is also one of the challenges that the PPDB route is problematic,” said Indraza.
The second challenge is that coordination between stakeholders is not yet optimal, so the provisions of the PPDB are not optimally implemented. Some of the relevant stakeholders are the Directorate-General (Ditjen) for Regional Development, the Ministry of Internal Affairs (Kemendagri), the Directorate-General for Population and Civil Registration, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Social Affairs or the social security system for integrated social security. Data, National Police, Ministry of Public Works and Public Construction (PUPR) and Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (Kemenkominfo).
Furthermore, the number of educational units available is not in line with the number of needs. In the Ombudsman’s assessment, if the number is not increased, the problems could recur.
“There is a lack of educational units or schools. This is the main factor, if we look at the ratio between SD, SMP and SMA decreasing. So it needs to be considered by stakeholders as well,” Indraza said.
Furthermore, Indraza said that one of the drivers of the recurring problems in the PPDB implementation in 2023 was suboptimal supervision, whereby the coaching mechanism was suboptimal. “When something happens, sometimes it’s just that moment. There is no evaluation, sanction or improvement of the rules. “This is one of the big obstacles,” she said.
Apart from suboptimal supervision, the socialization of regulations from the center to the regions and the organizing committee is minimal. Suboptimal socialization in the community also causes the occurrence of various frauds.
“How to encourage people to be honest and follow the rules, that’s one of the tasks we have to do,” Indraza said.
During the implementation of the 2023 PPDB, different ways of fraud that occurred in different regions were revealed. One of these is the manipulation of demographic data to be able to send children to the school they want, even if it does not comply with the rules of the zoning system. Similar cases have also been found in other regions, resulting in an urgent need to evaluate the PPDB zoning system.
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