TIME.CO, Jakarta – Balikpapan Mayor Rahmad Mas’ud reminded residents to be frugal in use clean waterconsidering the water level shrinkage up to 60 cm in Manggar Reservoir, Balikpapan, East Kalimantan.
Therefore, he appealed to residents to be sparing in their use of water. He also asked the people of the city of Balikpapan on Saturday 12 August 2023 to pray together that the rain will continue to flood this area.
In addition to the shrinkage that occurred in Manggar Reservoir, fires have also occurred frequently in Balikpapan town recently, despite being successfully managed by Regional Disaster Mitigation Agency (BPBD) staff.
According to the Balikpapan Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG), this phenomenon occurs due to El Nino and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) phenomena occurring in the Indian Ocean.
The El Nino phenomenon is a weather phenomenon that occurs as a result of an increase in the temperature of surface waters in the central and eastern Pacific oceans that become warmer than usual.
This natural phenomenon causes an anomaly in global weather patterns, which has a significant impact on the climate in various regions of the world, including Indonesia
Based on the observations made by the BMKG, the El Nino index reached a moderate level in July, while the IOD entered a positive index level.
“The El Nino phenomenon and the positive IOD are mutually reinforcing to make the 2023 dry season even drier,” explained Dian Novita, meteorological analyst at BMKG Balikpapan.
However, that doesn’t mean there isn’t a chance for rain to fall: some time ago, the city of Balikpapan was hit by a downpour.
“But it’s just local rain and the intensity is very, very low,” he explained.
The peak of the 2023 dry season is expected to occur between August and early September, with much drier conditions than in 2020, 2021 and 2022.
During this dry season, the impact is not negligible: in addition to drought, this phenomenon also has the potential to compromise food security, even on a national scale. “So there is a threat of crop failure on rainfed farmland,” he said.
The agricultural sector is affected by El Nino
The agricultural sector will be affected, especially irrigated farmland still using traditional farming systems.
Dian continued, this drought condition can also lead to forest and land fires (Karhutla) which, if left unchecked, can lead to a haze crisis that will impact environmental, economic, social and public health quality.
During this phenomenon, the temperature conditions in Balikpapan city are still in the normal range between 25 and 31 degrees Celsius.
“There are also currently clouds in the Balikpapan area that can resist solar radiation so that the temperature does not drop drastically at night,” he concluded.
Recently, several areas of Indonesia are experiencing drought i.e. the middle of the beginning of the dry season.
If you look at the information circulating outside the island of Kalimantan, this phenomenon has occurred in recent weeks and many areas have been affected.
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